Monday, October 29, 2018

Real life Phunsukh bags honorary D.Litt

Innovator Sonam Wangchuk accorded degree for his work in Ladakh

Sonam Wangchuk, the Ladakh-based engineer whose life inspired a character in the Bollywood blockbuster 3 Idiots , has been awarded an honorary D.Litt degree by a university here.
He was awarded in recognition of his work as an innovator and educationist by the Symbiosis International (Deemed University) on Tuesday. President Ram Nath Kovind was the chief guest.
The engineer-turned-educationist set up the Students’ Educational and Cultural Movement of Ladakh (SECMOL), a non-traditional school which has brought in educational reform in the Ladakh region of Jammu and Kashmir. It has also improved the number of students clearing exams up to the intermediate level.
While accepting the degree, Mr. Wangchuk, the real life ‘Phunsukh Wangdu’ said, “I did what humanity demands people to do.” It had motivated him to work towards the best use of solar energy and creating artificial glaciers to address water scarcity, he said.
When he saw students failing, he decided to take action. “My house was on fire and my young brothersand sisters in distress. When your house is on fire, it’s nothing special to throw water on it. It is your duty”

Source: THE HINDU-25th October,2018

IIT-B India topper in QS ranking of Asian universities

The Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Bombay emerged as the top Indian educational institution in the latest QS rankings for Asian universities released on Wednesday, securing the 33rd position.

Not far below its counterpart in Mumbai, IIT Delhi bagged the 40th rank while IIT Madras was placed at the 48th position. A host of Indian institutions figured in the top 100 slots but none made it to the top 30.
IIT Bombay was the topranked Indian institution in last year’s QS rankings for Asian varsities too, when it bagged the 34th position. IIT Delhi was at the 40th position last year as well.
The National University of Singapore emerged at pole position this year. The University of Hong Kong secured second place while the Nanyang Technological University (NTU) of Singapore stood third.
The prestigious Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, bagged the 50th position. IIT Kharagpur was placed 53rd and IIT Kanpur in the 61st position. IIT Roorkee was placed 86th and IIT Guwahati in the 107th position. Delhi University bagged the highest rank among Indian varsities at 62. The University of Hyderabad secured the 106th position and the University of Calcutta stood at 134th position.

The ranking body, QS, had only recently released its firstever list for top Indian universities. IIT Bombay had topped that list as well, earning highest scores on academic and employer reputatioin indicators. IISc Bangalore was placed second on that list, which otherwise was dominated by the IITs.
For the Asia Rankings, QS said it had used 11 indicators including employer reputation, academic reputation, facultystudent ratio, international research network, staff with PhDs and international faculty.

Former University Grants Commission (UGC) member V S Chauhan said: “IITs have a good research output and their funding is robust, which is why they consistently do better. But I believe there are several universities which will come up, especially with increased autonomy. The way towards the future is focusing more on foreign collaboration as well as research. I, however, believe Indian universities will benefit in more investment in infrastructure.”.

‘Public has right to know about drugs’

Chandrayaan-2 lander’s scaled down test successful

Mashrubaat ke dabbon ko sirf hathon se fan paron mein badalnewala artist

ISRO 6 shehron mein incubation aur 6 mein research center kayam karega

Wednesday, October 24, 2018

Drug cocktail that increases lifespan discovered

Beijing's new mega bridge

Battle of the Ages on the chequered board

WONDER BOY | Six-year-old Punekar beats 78-year-old from Kolkata

Source: DNA-24th October,2018

New Arrival- Journals -October, 2018

Today's Personality

Hawking’s wheelchair, thesis set to be auctioned

A total of 22 personal items used by cosmic visionary Stephen Hawking will be open for bids between October 31 and November 8.

The online sale announced on Monday by auctioneer Christie’s features 22 items from Hawking, including his doctoral thesis on the origins of the universe, some of his many awards, and scientific papers such as Spectrum of Wormholes and Fundamental Breakdown of Physics in Gravitational Collapse .

The auction includes one of five existing copies of Hawking’s 1965 Cambridge University Ph.D. thesis, Properties of Expanding Universes , which carries an estimated price of 100,000 pounds to 150,000 pounds.

Tuesday, October 23, 2018

CareerBytes: Tips for engineering students to crack campus placement interviews

In any engineering student's life in India, Campus placement is one of the most important phases- in-fact, it's a career-determining stage.
The experience can, by nature, get nerve-wracking.
However, with decent preparation and composed state-of-mind, one can crack it. Apart from subject-oriented knowledge, you need smart play and confidence to score that dream job.
Here are tips for engineering students to crack campus-placement interviews.

Research about the employer; Build a solid resume
Research: Do conduct a thorough research about the interviewer/company, beforehand. This will boost up your confidence, and your ability to answer the interview questions well.
Resume: At times, your resume is the first thing the employers get to know you through. So, make sure to write a professional, crisp, honest and attractive resume to impress the interviewer right away.

Mind your body language and dressing sense
Campus placements are not just about how much subject-oriented knowledge you possess. You also have to look presentable and professional, in order to impress the employer.
So, you must present yourself in a mature and professional manner.
Plus, act smart, maintain good posture, and talk confidently.
Also, make sure to wear crisp, well-ironed and clean clothes to improve your chances of getting selected.

Your state of mind is vital during the interview
It's important to strike that mental balance- so, neither be overconfident, nor anxious, during your campus placement interviews. The key here is to showcase your talent and knowledge while maintaining a calm and composed state of mind.
A few more general tips for campus placement interviews
Practise mock interviews before actually appearing for the hiring round. This will enhance your confidence and improve your comfort level.
Avoid back-to-back interviews. Shortlist companies you really are interested in, and make time for only those.
Always arrive on time, as late comers often lose their chances.
Also, end the interview on a positive note, say a generous "Thank you".


Novel method to deliver drugs to the brain

Researchers have discovered a potentially new approach to deliver therapeutics more effectively to the brain.

The findings, done on mice, showed that the research could have implications for the treatment of a wide range of diseases, including Alzheimer's, Parkinson's and brain cancer.
"Improving the delivery of drugs to the central nervous system is a considerable clinical challenge," said lead author Maiken Nedergaard from the University of Rochester Medical Center (URMC) in the US.
"The findings of this study demonstrate that the brain's waste removal system could be harnessed to transport drugs quickly and efficiently into the brain," Nedergaard added.
The study taps into the power of the glymphatic system, the brain's unique process of removing waste that was first discovered by Nedergaard in 2012.

It consists of a plumbing system that piggybacks on the brain's blood vessels and pumps cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) through the brain's tissue, flushing away waste.
In the study, published in the journal JCI Insight, the researchers took advantage of the mechanics of the glymphatic system to deliver drugs deep into the brain.
The team administered antibodies directly into CSF. They then injected the animals with hypertonic saline, a treatment frequently used to reduce intracranial pressure on patients with traumatic brain injury.

The saline triggers an ion imbalance which pulls CSF out of the brain. When this occurs, new CSF delivered by the glymphatic system flows in to take its place, carrying the antibodies with it into brain tissue, the team said.
The researchers developed a new imaging system by customising a macroscope to non-invasively observe the proliferation of the antibodies into the brains of the animals.


Friday, October 19, 2018

Vachan Prerna Diwas 2018 @ AIKTC

Larsen & Toubro Helps Build World’s Largest Nuclear Fusion Reactor

The world’s largest nuclear fusion reactor is on track to go online in France in 2025, with Indian company Larsen and Toubro (L&T) delivering major components for the international project from its strategic facility in Hazira.
The ITER (International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor) project, for which 35 nations, including India, China and the US, are collaborating to demonstrate that nuclear fusion can be used as a safe, alternate energy source, will see significant contribution from L&T, which says that work on the facility has ensured its entry into a select group of global companies. As many as 54 segments for the world’s largest fusion device that can generate 500 MW of power are being made in India, including the base of the 3,850-tonne cryostat at the core of the system.
L&T has already delivered 24 parts for the project and is on target to complete its share of the work by the end of 2019, senior company officials told ET.
At present, the cryostat base — the largest single component of the project — is being assembled by Indian engineers at the site in France.
“Such high-quality welding at a mega scale is being carried out first time in India… It is a unique ‘Make-in-India’ achievement as precision-manufactured sub-assemblies produced here will be finally assembled together in France to deliver the mammoth 30-meter diameter cryostat — the world’s largest vacuum vessel,” S N Roy, MD at L&T Power, told ET.
Officials said the project has given L&T a unique experience in working with highend technology that will help it in the global market.
“We are glad that this breakthrough project, once completed, will have significant contributions from India’s engineering sector towards development of global nuclear fusion energy. It (puts) L&T in the league of very few select group of global companies,” Roy said.
While the Indian share of the fabrication work will finish by the end of 2019, the first experiments on the project are planned for 2025.

Source: THE ECONOMIC TIMES-19th October,2018

India Inc to Join Modi’s Mission at CSR Portal Launch

Common portal will help cos pool their resources and align social work with key govt initiatives
Prime Minister Narendra Modi will unveil a portal for corporate social responsibility (CSR) and volunteering at a town hall with technology, startup and telecom chieftains on October 24 in an ambitious bid to consolidate such efforts to maximise their effect and help boost the government’s initiatives.
The ministry of electronics and IT is making hectic preparations for the launch of the portal, which is being developed by MyGov and will host CSR activities that have already been kicked off.
The idea is to create a resource pool and find a way to “harmonise efforts,” not just across companies, but also to “align” them with the priorities of the government in areas such as the Skill India, Digital Literacy, Financial Inclusion, and Swachh Bharat campaigns, said a person aware of the development. “Companies already have a lot of initiatives underway in the social sector — the concept is just to work out a way to work together,” said a person aware of the development.
The focus is also on giving employees of these companies an opportunity to volunteer for social causes, added the person.

IT Talent Base of 4 million Employees:
The invitees include Reliance Industries chairman Mukesh Ambani, Tata Sons chairman N Chandrasekaran, Aditya Birla Group chairman Kumar Mangalam Birla, Bharti Enterprises chairman Sunil Mittal, Infosys chairman Nandan Nilekani and Mahindra Group chairman Anand Mahindra along with CEOs of top IT companies and startups such as Paytm’s Vijay Shekhar Sharma and inMobi’s Naveen Tewari.
The Indian IT industry has a talent base of 4 million employees and companies are already engaged in significant CSR work while encouraging workers to contribute, said Sangeeta Gupta, chief strategy officer of the Nasscom lobby group. “If having a common portal can help direct objectives toward scaling up missions such as Swachh Bharat, then it will be very helpful,” she said.
Apart from Nasscom, the ministry has also roped in groupings such as the Internet and Mobile Association of India and the Indian Cellular Association to help put the event together.
While 2,000 people will be present at the venue, more than 100,000 IT professionals from companies such as Infosys and Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) are expected to join from over 500 locations via video conference. IT industry veterans such as FC Kohli, the first CEO of TCS, and Raman Roy, a pioneer of India’s business process outsourcing industry, have also been invited.
Earlier this month, union minister for electronics and IT Ravi Shankar Prasad held a meeting with IT industry executives at which the issue of pooling expertise for various social initiatives was discussed. Prasad had stressed that the IT sector needed to work toward coordinated CSR efforts on a common platform to help with uplift in backward districts and social inclusion.
“There is a larger need to bring corporate social responsibility (CSR) into a common pool for sharing best practices,” he had said

IIT Guwahati fabricates superior scaffold for cartilage repair

The silk scaffold has seamless junction between the cartilage and bone portions

Implanting cartilage alone or injecting cells found in healthy cartilage (chondrocytes) at the site of injury to heal the damaged cartilage in patients with osteoarthritis does not produce favourable results. Similarly, implanting two different scaffolds joined together to simultaneously regenerate the cartilage and reconstruct the bone too has many limitations.
The problem arises because the interface between the cartilage and bone scaffolds, which are made of different materials, is not connected but has a distinct boundary. As a result, the interface tends to delaminate and degrade. Now, researchers from Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Guwahati have addressed this shortcoming by fabricating a silk scaffold where the junction between the cartilage and bone scaffold is continuous and seamless and hence less prone to damage under load-bearing environment of the joint.

A team led by Biman B. Mandal from the Department of Biosciences and Bioengineering has fabricated the biphasic scaffold where the top portion is highly porous and spongy thus mimicking the cartilage, while the bottom portion is reinforced with silk fibre thus imparting more stiffness and less porous to mimic the bone. Since the entire scaffold is made of silk, the interface merges with one another and is seamless despite having different porosities and stiffness. The results of the study were published in the Journal of Materials Chemistry B.
The researchers made scaffolds using both wild silkworm (Antheraea assamensis) and mulberry silk (Bombyx mori) and found scaffolds made of non-mulberry silk were superior to the one made of mulberry silk in all respects.
“To make the biphasic scaffold we prepared silk solution by completely dissolving the silk. We then added chopped silk fibres to the solution so the bottom half portion of the scaffold becomes fibre-reinforced silk composite while the rest of the top portion had only the silk solution,” says Prof. Mandal. The solution is processed by reducing the temperature to –20 degree C and then vacuum dried to remove water. The top portion of the scaffold is highly porous and soft like a sponge whereas the bottom portion is less porous and strong. The biphasic scaffold was treated with alcohol to make it water-insoluble.
The porosity is intended for neighbouring cells to migrate, infiltrate and regenerate in the scaffold, and support better nutrient exchange. The less porous silk-reinforced scaffold portion allows bone cells to optimally grow. Owing to the RGD sequence in the non-mulberry silk, more cells tend to migrate to the scaffold and proliferate.

Seeding stem cells
“It is also possible to take a patient’s bone marrow stem cells and seed them on the scaffold. The stem cells will differentiate to become mature cartilage-like and bone-like cells. Our scaffold is amenable to stem cell seeding and differentiation protocols,” Prof. Mandal says.
Validation of the scaffold that was seeded with cartilage and bone cells was first done through in vitro studies. “We saw elevated levels of cell proliferation, extra-cellular matrix deposition and higher tissue-specific gene expression within the construct. These proved that the construct was compatible and good,” says Yogendra Pratap Singh from IIT Guwahati and first author of the paper. “The cartilage cells prefer a softer matrix compared to bone cells and our construct was suitable for both types of cells to proliferate.”
The compatibility and ability of the scaffold to regenerate cartilage and bone was then tested in rabbits. The scaffolds were studied eight weeks after implantation. “The fibre-reinforced scaffold allowed more bone formation, while regeneration and complete repair of the cartilage was seen,” says Singh, who currently is a Newton-Bhabha Fellow at the University of Sheffield. “We found the non-mulberry silk scaffold outperformed the mulberry silk one.”

The researchers found the non-mulberry silk scaffold had 1.5 and 0.5 times more bone and cartilage cells respectively attached than in the mulberry silk scaffold. Gene expression was nearly double in the non-mulberry silk scaffold than in the mulberry silk scaffold. Also, the extra-cellular matrix in both the cartilage and bone portion of the scaffold increased six-fold in 14 days.
The fibre-reinforced scaffold mimicking the bone was 10 times stronger than the sponge-like portion. Greater compressive and tensile strength of fibre-reinforced scaffold are desirable.

A finger that sticks out of your phone

Aimed at bringing the emotion of touch in human-computer interfaces

A French researcher has invented a robot finger that attaches to your mobile phone. It can wriggle across your desk. It can stroke your hand.
“My PhD subject is around touch in communications,” explains Marc Teyssier, a researcher at Telecom Paristech engineering school. “When we talk with people in real life we touch each other to communicate emotions, for example a stroke on the arm, or stuff like that. But for mobile devices and interaction in general in computers, we don’t use touch at all. So my starting point was: how can we bring touch in human-computer interfaces?”
So he designed, built and patented the MobiLimb robotic finger, which plugs into a mobile phone and looks very much like a real finger. It can drag the phone across the table. Your friends can activate it and operate it remotely, to give you a comforting pat on the wrist when they talk to you.
But when people saw it, everyone had the same reaction.
“We have a tonne of reaction on the internet, like: ‘It’s creepy’. Everybody tells me it’s creepy. And it is, actually, in fact,” Mr. Teyssier said. “We communicate with humans with touch. We use fingers. We use motion. But when we put that on a mobile device, everybody thinks it’s crazy and creepy.”
The creepy phone finger tells us something about who we are, and what we expect from a world where your phone listens and responds to your commands like a person, but still doesn’t have a moving body, Mr. Teyssier said. For now, he thinks, the robot finger is both too human, and not quite human enough.

A hug from fridge
“I think to some extent we are right in the uncanny valley. Technology looks like human, but its not exactly human, so our brain - we don’t know how to react.”
But Mr. Teyssier imagines a world one day where you would interact with objects the way you do with other people or pets. Someday, you might walk into your kitchen and get a hug from your fridge.
“With this project, we question a lot: the smartphone and the human being and human nature,” he said. “What if all devices had arms and limbs and were able to touch us like a human? I think we would behave totally differently with technology.

Regular Aspirin use may curb liver cancer risk

Engineering Graduates (B.E.B.Tech.) sarkari mulazmatein kaise hasil kar sakte hain??

Career mein behtari aur taraqqui ke liye teen aham nukaat

Wednesday, October 17, 2018

Today's Personality

Indian students finalists in global science challenge

The winner will be announced on November 4 in Silicon Valley and get a $250,000 college scholarship

Three Indian students have made it to the finals of the prestigious annual Breakthrough Junior Challenge, a global science competition for teenagers to share their passion for maths and science.
The three Indian students are among 15 finalists of more than 12,000 original registrants from around the world who submitted engaging and imaginative videos to demonstrate difficult concepts and theories in physical or life sciences. The Indian teenagers are Samay Godika, 16, and Nikhiya Shamsher, 16, from Bengaluru and Kavya Negi, 18, from Delhi.
The winner will be announced on November 4 in Silicon Valley and get a $250,000 college scholarship. The science teacher who inspired the winning student will get $50,000. The winner’s school will receive a state-of-the-art science lab worth $100,000.
Nikhiya was the top scorer in the popular vote contest with more than 25,000 likes, shares and positive reactions for her video on spacetime and gravity posted on the Breakthrough Facebook page. She will receive automatic entry into the final round of judging.
Kavya from Delhi believes that her video about Hawking Radiation might stand a chance to win because it showcases the concept in depth in three minutes.
Samay, an 11th grader, in his project has explored various aspects of the Circadian Rhythm.
Since its launch, the Breakthrough Junior Challenge has reached 190 countries, and the 2018 instalment of the global competition attracted more than 12,000 registrants, a media release said.
The contest is designed to inspire creative thinking about fundamental concepts in the life sciences, physics, and mathematics. The field was reduced to 29 semifinalists, which represented the top submissions after two rounds of judging: first a mandatory peer review, followed by an evaluation by a panel of judges, Breakthrough said. 

Tuesday, October 16, 2018

IPA (Indian pharmaceutical Association)-Events 2018

Running on sunshine

A solar-powered ferry boat, charging station and water generator. Three companies providing renewable alternatives that go beyond household electricity

With great power comes… pesky electricity bills. But if you are opting to go renewable, especially solar, you are in luck. With start-ups like PuREnergy, 8minutenergy, and Oorjan bringing you rooftop solutions for both the home and commercial establishments, the solar power market has been on a rise over the last couple of years. In June this year, Anheuser-Busch InBev, one of the world’s biggest breweries, went fully solar-powered in partnership with energy provider Amp at its Mysore brewery. Even the government’s gotten into the act — Diu became India’s first and only union territory to go 100% solar in April. But the usage of solar power doesn’t end at home. Entrepreneurs are making the sunshine last, giving you several options to go green even after you step out of your house. A look at three companies that give us solar solutions that go beyond just household electricity.

Source: THE HINDU-3rd October,2018

MIT plans to set up a college for AI

 The Massachusetts Institute of Technology is taking a particularly ambitious step, creating a new college backed by a planned investment of $1 billion. Two-thirds of the funds have already been raised, MIT said, in announcing the initiative on Monday.
The college, called the MIT Stephen A. Schwarzman College of Computing, will create 50 new faculty positions and many more fellowships for graduate students. It is scheduled to begin in the fall semester next year.