Wednesday, March 11, 2020

Dr. Adam Shaikh marhoom ke liye tazyati nashist

                                               Source: URDU TIMES-8th March'2020

RGUKT students develop women safety devices, apps


The devices developed by teams from RGUKT draw appreciaton at World Education Summit
Hyderabad: Students of Rajiv Gandhi University of Knowledge Technologies (RGUKT) recently developed some women safety apps and devices which won appreciation at the World Education Summit.
Sthreebal- RGUKT intermediate student N Shashidhar Raju developed a wrist watch that can generate electric shock. If someone tries to assault the woman, she can switch on a button in the watch which will generate a 1000 volts electric shock and paralyse the attacker. Since the watch is insulated, the women who wear it will not be harmed.
Neelakantan Shashidhar Raju, who hails from Asifabad district of Telangana and is a pre-university student at RGUKT, says, “the cost of the device is only about Rs. 500 to 600”. The equipment used in it is a watch, old mobile phone battery and a high voltage generator.
“I got the idea and shared it with the Physics department faculty co-ordinator, Anitha. She helped me to contest in the RGUKT tech fest,” he says. “Now I am planning to get a patent for the device,” says the 17-year-old.

 Swarasthr is an app developed by a team of four RGUKT students. One can save the contacts in this app. If she screams when in danger, the app recognizes the situation and sends a message to the contacts in the phone along with the location of the women. This helps in alerting the security agencies immediately. The app seeks to identify a given situation as danger or not by fear factor analysis.
Students of 3rd year Computer Science Engineering, K Amrutha, SK Mubeen, V Pratyusha and P Hema, are behind this innovation. “Name of the app itself is self-explaining. Swara means voice and asthr is weapon. So, Swarasthr is Weapon powered by Voice.” explains Amrutha.
“Swarasthr stands out of the existing safety technologies as it works without any human intervention. Once on, it senses a scream, categorise and send emergency calls and messages with location details to all the contacts saved in the application,” she said. The app is in working condition now and the team is looking to develop it further.
Women safety device
This is a pocket device which a woman can carry as a watch or in hand bag or purse. “When needed, this electronic device can be initiated by switching it on and it sends alert messages along with location to the phone contacts saved in the device,” says Bodupally Lakshmi Prasanna, RGUKT student who worked on the device.
In case, the location of the person in distress is not uploaded in Google map, the device sends the longitudinal latitudinal location of the women. “This is a prototype and I am planning to add additional settings to it,” says the Electronics and Communication Engineering student.
According to Associate Dean of Sciences and Humanities, Dr. Devaraju Gurram, when a student comes with a proposal of innovative ideas, the institution aids them financially as wells as scientifically. “The Vice-Chancellor allocates the funds and assign a faculty for monitoring the project,” he says.
These devices were presented at the World Education Summit and the innovations won much appreciation. “There were also suggestions to integrate all three innovations together and make it a more useful device for women safety and we are planning to do that,” he concluded.


Rolls-Royce, IIT Madras ink pact for joint research programs


Aero engines major Rolls-Royce  said it has entered into a collaboration with Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Madras to promote and explore opportunities for joint research programs.
The company will also roll-out a 'Technical Higher Study Framework' to facilitate higher education for its engineers, in partnership with IIT Madras, Rolls-Royce said in a statement.
An MoU has been signed between the company and IIT Madras for the collaboration. As part of the MoU, Rolls-Royce and IIT Madras will also aim to pursue advanced research in areas of relevance to future technological and programmatic needs of the company, it added.

"The association with IIT Madras is another step in our efforts to promote collaborative research programs with like-minded partners in India. We look forward to exploring areas where we can co-develop technological solutions," Rolls-Royce India and South Asia President Kishore Jayaraman said.

He further said, "at the same time, we are keen to leverage this collaboration with a premier technology institute like IIT Madras to promote upskilling and professional development of our engineering talent, and facilitate higher education and research in areas of strategic interest."
Commenting on the collaboration, Industrial Consultancy and Sponsored Research Associate Dean, IIT Madras, V Kamakoti said, "the interaction with Rolls-Royce will certainly induce multi-faceted interdisciplinary technology exploration involving the diverse specializations available at IIT Madras and mapping them into specific application areas of high practical value."
Under the collaboration, Rolls-Royce will sponsor select employees keen to pursue Masters and PhD level studies, as part of its Technical Higher Study Framework, in partnership with IIT Madras.
To qualify for the program, employees must first clear the IIT Madras selection process, and their topic should be aligned with Rolls-Royce strategic research priorities and capabilities, it added.

The program is open to all permanent employees at the Rolls-Royce Engineering Centre in Bengaluru who have completed 36 months of service with the company.

The initiative is in line with the company's efforts to promote growth and career progression for its engineering talent, it said.

Researchers Develop AI Tool To Detect Changes in Mental Health of Patients.


Changes in clinical states is important to detect if there is a change that shows whether the condition has improved or worsened that would warrant the need for changing treatment, the researchers said.
Researchers, including one of Indian-origin, have developed an artificial intelligence (AI) tool that can accurately detect changes in clinical states in voice data of patients with bipolar, schizophrenia and depressive disorders as accurately as attending doctors..
“Machine learning allowed us to illuminate the various clinically-meaningful dimensions of language use and vocal patterns of the patients over time and personalised at each individual level,” said Indian-origin researcher and study senior author Shri Narayanan from University of Southern California (USC) in the US.
The USC Signal Analysis and Interpretation Lab (SAIL), which has long applied artificial intelligence and machine learning to identify and classify video, audio and physiological data, partnered with researchers to analyse voice data from patients being treated for serious mental illnesses.
For the results, the researchers used the ‘MyCoachConnect’ interactive voice and mobile tool, created and hosted on the Chorus platform to provide voice diaries related to their mental health states.
SAIL team then collaborated with researchers to apply artificial intelligence to listen to hundreds of voicemails using custom software to detect changes in patients’ clinical states.
ccording to the study, the AI was able to match clinicians’ ratings of their patients.
Changes in clinical states is important to detect if there is a change that shows whether the condition has improved or worsened that would warrant the need for changing treatment, the researchers said.
his project builds on SAIL’s body of work in behavioural machine intelligence to analyse psychotherapy sessions to detect empathy of addiction counselors-in-training in order to improve their chances of better outcomes, in addition to the Lab’s work analysing language for cognitive diagnoses and legal processes.
“Our approach builds on that fundamental technique to hear what people are saying about using the modern AI. We hope this will help us better understand how our patients are doing and transform mental health care to be more personalised and proactive to what an individual needs,” said study lead author Armen Arevian. (IANS).

Pharmacy Council will approve pharmacy courses, not AICTE: Supreme Court


The Supreme Court of India has recently made a landmark observation over the statutory authority of Pharmacy Council of India (PCI) when it comes to matters related to pharmacy.
The bench of Honourable Justices Arun Mishra, Vineet Saran and MR Shah held that only Pharmacy Act 1948 will be applicable in relation to the subject of Pharmacy, including approval of courses of study, minimum standards of education required for qualification as a Pharmacist, registration as a Pharmacist, regulation of future professional conduct etc; not any other authority.
The SC was approached to intervene in the conflict over restrictions imposed by the PCI on the intake of students to various Pharmaceutical courses.
Many colleges had moved the various High Courts against these restrictions. Since the Colleges increased the intake of students, based upon the requisite approval obtained from the All India Council of Technical Education (AICTE), the High Courts had allowed the colleges to continue with the increase in intake.
In their decision, the Courts had concluded that AICTE is the supreme authority between the two bodies, namely, AICTE and PCI and the decision of AICTE will prevail over the decision of PCI. Following the same, the present appeal was filed by the PCI before the apex court against these High Courts' orders.
During the hearing, the question that arose before the SC bench was whether the mandate of the PCI or that of the AICTE would prevail on the question of granting approval and related matters to any institution for conducting pharmacy education course, if there were any conflict/contradictions in the opinions of these two bodies. The issue was as to which body, i.e. AICTE or PCI would primarily be responsible for regulation of pharmaceutical regulation in India.
In its observation, the bench went over to contemplate on the certain sections of the Pharmacy Act 1948 as well as the AICTE.
Considering the various provisions of the Pharmacy Act and its regulations, it was stated that the Pharmacy Act is a complete Code in itself in the subject of pharmacy, the bench noted adding that the PCI has been constituted as a body empowered to regulate the education and profession of pharmacy in India.
On the other hand, the bench reckoned the AICTE Act as a general law applicable to the technical institutions and technical education. The preamble for AICTE clearly mentions:
Noting that as per the Section 2(g) of the AICTE Act, "technical education" also means "pharmacy", the court wondered whether in the field of pharmacy, the Pharmacy Act would prevail or the AICTE Act? The next question was whether in the profession of pharmacy, the PCI shall have the exclusive jurisdiction or the AICTE?
To decide on the issue, the apex court judges relied on its earlier verdicts where the Supreme Court had considered the conflict between the general legislation and the special legislation and argument of 'implied repeal'.
In these backdrops, the apex court observed:
Taking the constitutional body of PCI and the AICTE into account, the judges stated:
PCI is the body of experts connected with the subject of pharmacy and related subjects and therefore it will be in the larger interest and more particularly in the interest of education of pharmacy that PCI shall alone have the Jurisdiction in the field of pharmacy, rather than AICTE.
On the issue of supremacy, the bench held that the fight of supremacy between both the regulators is unhealthy for the education sector as well as the institutions to permit two regulators to function in the same field. Therefore also and more particularly when the PCI is consisting of the experts in the field of pharmacy and other related subjects, it is in the larger interest in the field of pharmacy that the PCI must be given the power to regulate in the field of pharmacy.
The court went on to observe that conflict and the dispute arose because despite refusal by the PCI, the AICTE increased the intake capacity in the respective institutions, which were not approved by the PCI. For the sake of students, the bench the present decision shall not affect those students admitted in the increased intake capacity and/or pursuant to the interim orders passed by this Court and/or final judgments and orders passed by the respective High Courts.
Attached is the detailed judgment below: